Unemployment is one of the most serious problems facing developed nations today. What are the advantages and/or disadvantages of reducing the working week to thirty five hours?
This is undeniable that the unemployment is the embracing – all issue leading to many serious impacts worldwide especially in developing nations. While there is a proposed solution to handle this problem by declining the working hours to maximum thirty five hours per week, I believe this kind of method contains many drawbacks for practical implementation.
It is simply clear to understand the reason why this proposal is recommended. When the total working hours are reduced, the enterprises would employ more staffs, leading to at least two advantages in term of decreasing the unemployment rate. First of all, more workers would be recruited to work in a factory. For instance, a factory employing 300 permanent workers might have to recruit up to 450 manual ones to meet the production demand. Secondly, not only working condition at workplace could be improved but also workers’ health could get better as they have more time for relaxation after long shift with much of pressure
On the other hand, there still have some arguments against this solution. One of these outstanding drawbacks is that the cost per unit would be increased leading to the loss of competitive privileges. Increasing numbers of worker means the growth of salary bill the factory has to pay monthly. Furthermore, in order to avoid bankruptcy and being insolvent, a factory implementing weekly 35 working-hours might lay off its workers or reduce other extra individual allowances or benefits. As the results, this unrealistic policy could have an adverse effects on the stability of nation’s economy.
To conclude, I do believe that the proposal itself could not resolve the complex problems of unemployment in practice and its drawbacks outweigh the advantages when implemented.